Black smoke rises from a US airstrike on the eastern side of Raqqa, Syria, July 26, 2017. (AP/Hussein Malla)
Eastern Ghouta

Ghouta, Raqqa, Aleppo: Ceasefire Decisions and Humanitarian Unconcern

Last year’s campaign to retake Raqqa saw U.S. forces fire more artillery rounds into that city than during the entire invasion of Iraq and resulted in over 3,000 civilians deaths. At that time, the U.S. rejected UN calls for a ceasefire.