Ahmed Tharwat returns to his home country of Egypt to find that Egyptians, once vibrant and full of optimism, have returned to the grim reality of life in a repressive dictatorship.
Reflections on how mass media and leaderless movements have affected the success of popular protests from Quebec in 2012 to Lebanon today.
Since the 2010 Arab Autumn, it has become clear that leaderless revolts only have two inevitable outcomes. In the first, a game of musical chairs between right-wing imperialist forces will be played and only superficial change will be achieved, like in Quebec, Egypt, Tunis, and Sudan. The second possibility, a right-wing contra war will take hold