Üçok’s research about female rulers in Muslim countries concludes with this chapter about three female rulers in the Moslem State of Bhopal in India founded by Dost Mohammed Khan, an Afghan adventurer in the service of the Turkish Indian King Evrengizb. After Evrengizb’s death, he declared his independence on the territories he had obtained as a reward for his services or through diplomacy.
When he died in 1740, aged 66, his two sons and three grandsons were too incompetent or too young, and the administration of the country was taken over by Hindu viziers at his court. During the reign of Dost Mohammed’s third grandson, who died in 1778, close relations were established between Britain and Bhopal, which continued uninterrupted.
Towards the end of the XVIII century, Bhopal was attacked by Pinzara raiding parties; the Marathas, who were invited to put an end to these pillaging expeditions, refused to leave the country when their mission was completed. In 1807-9 the Vizier Mohammed Khan, the navvab’s nephew, recovered most of the territory lost to the Marathas, and with the help of Britain saved the state of Bhopal from collapse.