Great Women Of Muslim History: Padishah Hatun of Iran

Safvetuddin Padishah Hatun is described by historians as beautiful and intelligent at the same time. In fact, she possessed such beauty that it reached the ears of Ilhan Abaka, the son of the famous Mongol Hulagu Khan, who asked for her hand. In spite of the opposition of Padishah Hatun’s stepbrother, Sultan Hajjâj, Türkân Hatun accepted Ilhan Abaka’s — a very beneficial decision because her marriage guaranteed a long time of justice and mercy of the Mongols towards the state of Kirman.

On the sudden death of Abaka Khan in 1282, Hulagu’s seventh son Teküdar was chosen to succeed him. His first objective was to strengthen Mongol authority in the Islamic world so he became a Muslim by taking the name of Ahmet. It was during the reign of Ahmet Teküdar that Türkân Hatun lost her throne. This caused her daughters Bibi Hatun and Padishah Hatun much grief. But as a result of the power struggle between Ahmet Teküdar and his nephew Argun, the latter was finally recognized as Ilhan (chieftain).

A short while later, when her brother Soyurgatmısh was summoned to Ordu, he saw that the situation was dangerous. Argun treated him with great harshness for having supported Ahmet. At the same time, he had a number of powerful enemies there, such as Bibi Türkân and Padishah Hatun. In the end the judges decided that Sultan Jelâüddîn Soyurgatmısh and Padishah Hatun should rule Kirman together to guarantee political stability.