A Funeral, And A Swearing In, For Venezuela
With leaders from five continents on hand, Venezuela prepared for a day of distinctly different ceremonies — first the formal state funeral of Hugo Chavez, then the controversial swearing in of his anointed interim successor, who the opposition charges has no constitutional right to the job.
Friday’s funeral promises to be a final turn on the world stage for Chavez after 14 tumultuous years in power, though in some ways the polarizing former paratrooper is not going anywhere: Venezuela announced Thursday that it would embalm his body and put it on permanent display.
Hours before the ceremony was to start, basic details were still unknown, even where it would be held. The most likely setting was a military academy where Chavez’s body has lain in state since Wednesday. Since then, Venezuelans in their hundreds of thousands have filed past Chavez’s glass-covered casket in a round-the-clock marathon of tears, prayers and military salutes.
The last of what the Venezuelan government says are more than 30 heads of state arrived for the funeral early Friday. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad touched down after 1 a.m. and Chilean President Sebastian Pinera landed around dawn. U.S. Rep. Gregory Meeks, a New York Democrat, and former Rep. William Delahunt, a Democrat from Massachusetts, represented the United States, which Chavez often portrayed as a great global evil even as he sent the country billions of dollars in oil each year.
The normally traffic-choked streets of Caracas were empty early Friday with schools and many businesses shuttered. The government also prohibited alcohol sales. Many Venezuelans, particularly Chavez supporters, said they were caught up in the pomp and circumstance of the past few days, and flattered to be in the world’s attention.
“This is historic …I have never seen anything like it,” said Edila Ojeda, a 57-year-old janitor. “He was a world leader recognized internationally. I am speechless. It is impressive.”
Others said they were put off by what they saw as excess, particularly the plan to put Chavez’s body on permanent display.
“He was a president, and I would say not a good one. Not a hero,” said Gloria Ocampos, a retired office manager. “He should be buried, just like any other president. They are treating him like he was the father of the country … It’s crazy.”
Following the funeral, National Assembly Speaker Diosdado Cabello was to swear in Vice President Nicolas Maduro as interim president, as Chavez desired, despite complaints by the opposition that Cabello is the rightful holder of that post under the constitution.
Cabello announced that the swearing in will be held at the same military academy complex where Chavez’s body is lying in state. Normally, presidents in Venezuela are sworn in at the National Assembly.
The constitution says elections must be held within 30 days of Chavez’s Mar. 5 death, though the government has not set a date. Maduro has announced he will be the candidate of Chavez’s ruling socialist party against likely opposition candidate Henrique Capriles, and many expect him to ride the wave of emotion following Chavez’s death to victory.
Friday’s funeral promises a climax to three days of ceremony have followed Chavez’s death, and Venezuelan media were filled with commentary about the outsized place the late leader held on the world stage. Foreign Minister Elias Jaua said countries from Cuba to China to Iran had declared days of national mourning for Chavez, highly unusual for the leader of another country.
For many Chavez supporters, and the political insiders he left behind, the task ahead will be continuing the president’s political movement beyond his death.
Maduro announced Thursday that the late president’s body will be embalmed and forever displayed inside a glass tomb at a military museum not far from the presidential palace from which he ruled. Analysts said the perpetual display was meant to keep Chavez’s power structure alive, long after his death at age 58.
“Nicolas Maduro and his government are building an aura that makes it very difficult, I would say, that in the future, the opposition tries to promote an alternative to the government,” said Oscar Valles, a political analyst at the Metropolitan University in Caracas.
Heart-broken supporters are clearly in favor of the effort.
“We must think about the future and how we are going to guarantee the continuity of the revolution,” said Rolando Tarazon, a street vendor who was waiting with his wife to see Chavez’s body lying in state at the military academy late Thursday.
Some lined up to see Chavez’s body early Friday mixed politics with emotion.
“Chavez, we swear to you, we’ll vote for Maduro!” they chanted.
Chavez was particularly beloved by the poor, whose lot he championed. But critics say he left his successors a monumental task, with inflation of more than 20 percent a year, and public debt quadrupling to more than $100 billion. Crime is endemic and Chavez’s chaotic management style has been blamed for a breakdown in infrastructure, particularly in the key oil industry.
Some Venezuelans worried whether the nation’s anointed leaders are up to the task of governing. Others said they wanted to learn when the election will be held.
“People are beginning to get back to their lives. One must keep working,” said 40-year-old Caracas resident Laura Guerra, a Chavez supporter who said she was not yet sold on Maduro. “I don’t think he will be the same. I don’t think he has the same strength that the ‘comandante’ had.”
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